Recent advances in veterinary medical science have resulted in an increase in the number and type of vaccines that are available for use in cats, and improvements are continuously being made in safety and efficacy. Some vaccines are more or less routinely advocated for all cats (‘core’ vaccines) whereas others are used more selectively according to circumstances. However, in all cases the selection of the correct vaccination program for each individual cat, including the frequency of repeat, booster, vaccinations, requires professional advice.
Currently cats can be vaccinated against several different diseases: ‘Core’ Vaccines:
Non-core, discretionary vaccines:
What is the difference between the various types of vaccine?
Three major types of vaccine are produced for use in cats.
1. Modified live vaccines - these vaccines contain live organisms that are weakened (attenuated) or genetically modified so that they do not produce disease but will multiply in the cat's body. Live vaccines are generally considered to cause a stronger, longer lasting immunity than inactivated vaccines, but there is continuous improvement in all vaccines. It is not advisable to use modified live vaccines in pregnant queens or cats whose immune system is not working properly (cats infected by feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), etc.).2. Killed (inactivated) vaccines - these vaccines are prepared using fully virulent organisms or genetically modified organisms that have been killed by various treatments. Because, on their own, they do not give such a high level of protection as the live, replicating type of vaccine, killed vaccines may have an ‘adjuvant’ added to enhance immune stimulation.
3. Subunit vaccines - these are vaccines in which the infectious organism has been broken apart and only certain parts are included in the vaccine. In some cases this is achieved by using genetic engineering techniques prior to the fragmentation.
Also vaccines come in various combinations, so that protection against more than one disease is achieved in a single injection or administration (some vaccines are given by drops into the nose rather than by needle). Veterinarian will advise you on the most appropriate vaccines for your cat.
The American Association of Feline Practitioners recommended the following Vaccination sites:
FeLv administered in the left rear leg as distally as possible.
Rabies administered in the right rear leg as distally as possible.
Vaccinations Schedule for Cats and Kittens: